Shiraz is located in the south of Iran and the northwest of Fars Province and has a moderate climate with regular seasons. Shiraz situated in the inland around 200 km from the Persian Gulf, at an elevation of 1,540 meters above sea level.
Shiraz is an old city remained from 3rd millennium B.C. Considering the bas-relief existing in Baram-Delak (outskirt of Shiraz), this city is constructed in Sassanid Dynasty. Also in artworks remained from Parthian Dynasty name of Shiraz is being seen. Shiraz prosperity was occurred in Omavi time in which Atiq mosque was constructed.
Shiraz city was Iranian capital in several periods. However 1860 and 1890 earthquakes ruined historical buildings of this city, Shiraz was renewed and flourished again. Today Shiraz is one of the Iran mega-cities. After Islamic Revolution of Iran, Shiraz was being evolved with hundreds of civil projects such as at-grade/grader-separated junctions, under-passes, by-passes, over-passes, highways and urban railroad. Shiraz municipality was established in 1907 as Bladiyeh and until now 58 mayors served in this municipality. Now Shiraz municipality has 9 municipal zones, 7 deputyships, 16 organizations and 16 managing departments with 8000 personnel to serve citizens.
Majority of Shiraz people are Muslims and Shiite but there are minorities of Christian and Jewish. The city is blessed with the holy mausoleum of Ahmad Ibn Moosa,known as Shah Chiragh (PBUH) – the son of the 7th Shiite Imam- thus enjoying a special status as the third religious city in the country. Moreover, there are many tourist attractions in the city accounting for 33 percent of the attractions in the country. Most importantly, it is located in the vicinity of the Persepolis, one of the most magnificent capitals of the ancient world. As a result, Shiraz is a popular tourist destination in the region, attracting both domestic as well as foreign visitors.
Many artists, mystics and literati have been lived in Shiraz such as Sibuyeh, Ibn-e-Hafif, Baba Kuhi, Rouzbehan, Hafez, Saadi, Ghotb-e-Din Shirazi, Orfi, Gha’ani, Molla Sadra, Vesal, Forsat-al-Doleh, Salman-e-Farsi.
Tourist attractions in Shiraz
The city is one of the key tourism sites in Iran, its cultural heritage is of global importance. However you can read more about 10 top attractions in shiraz on our AzarGasht Maleki website too.
The tombs of Hafiz, Saadi, and Khaju e Kermani (whose tomb is inside a mountain above the city's old Qur'an Gate). Other lesser known tombs are that of Shah Shoja' (the Mozafarid emir of Persia, and patron of Hafiz), and the Tomb of Baba Kuhi sits atop a mountain overlooking the city, and the tomb of Karim Khan Zand is at the Pars Museum of Shiraz.
The oldest mosque is Atigh Jame' Mosque, which is one of the older mosques of Iran, followed by Vakil Mosque and Nasir al-Mulk mosque. The Vakil Mosque is situated west of the famous Vakil Bazaar. It was built in 1187 (AH) during the Zand Dynasty. On the two sides of the entrance gate there are magnificent tile-works and arches.
The citadel of Arg of Karim Khan sits adjacent to the Vakil Bazaar and Vakil Bath at the city's central district. The most famous of houses are Zinat-ol-Molook House and Gahavam's House, both in the old quarters of the city.
The Qur'an Gate is the entrance to Shiraz. It is located near the gorge of Allah-o-Akbar and is flanked by the Baba Kuhi and Chehel Maqam mountains. The gateway is where two copies of the Qurans known.
The Eram Garden (Bagh-e Eram) is a striking location for visitors with a variety of plants as well as a historic mansion. Although the exact date of the construction of the garden is not clear, historical evidence suggests it was constructed during the Seljuk Dynasty. Other historical Persian gardens are Afifabad Garden and The Museum of Weapons, Delgosha Garden and Jahan Nama Garden.
Tourist attractions near Shiraz
Within a relatively short driving distance from Shiraz are the ruins of Persepolis, Bishapur, Pasargadae, and Firouzabad. At Naqsh-e Rustam can be found the tombs of the Achaemenid kings as well as the Ka'ba-ye Zartosht, which has been thought to be either a Zoroastrian fire temple or possibly even the true tomb of Cyrus the Great (read more 10 top attractions in Shiraz)
Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BC). The earliest remains of Persepolis date back to 515 BC. It exemplifies the Achaemenid style of architecture. UNESCO declared the ruins of Persepolis a World Heritage Site in 1979.
Tomb of Cyrus is the monument of Cyrus the Great, According to Greek sources, it dates back to 559-29 B.C. The most extensive description based on a lost account by Aristobulus. who had accompanied Alexander the Great on his eastern campaign in the late 4th century B.C., is to be found in the Anabasis of Arrian (6.29). written in the 2nd century A.D.
Naqsh-e Rustam is an ancient necropolis with a group of ancient Iranian rock reliefs cut into the cliff, from both the Achaemenid and Sassanid periods. It lies a few hundred meter from Naqsh-e Rajab, with a further group of Sassanid reliefs. Naqsh-e Rostam site contains funerary related works belonging to the Elamite (second millennium BCE), Achaemenid (550–330 BCE) and Sassanid (226–651 CE) eras. Naqsh-e Rostam is a site believed by archaeologists to have been a cemetery for Persepolis, where Achaemenid, Parthian and Sassanid royalty were laid to rest.
Bishapur was an ancient city in Iran on the ancient road between Persis and Elam. The road linked the Sassanid capitals Estakhr (very close to Persepolis) and Ctesiphon. Bishapur was built near a river crossing and at the same site there is also a fort with rock-cut reservoirs and a river valley with six Sassanid rock reliefs.
Margoon Waterfall is located in the Fars province of Iran near the city of Sepidan. Its name means in Persian "snake like".