Kerman and Yazd
Kerman City is founded during the reign of Ardeshir the First, a Sassanide king. In Islamic time, Kerman was one of the important cultural centers of Iran. Strangers have assaulted this city along the history. In last year there have been high endeavors for renovation of historical monuments of this province.
The worth-seeing places of the province are:
- Bazaar of Kerman and Ganjali-Khan caravansary and a public bath which has been changed in to a museum;
- Dokhtar and Ardeshir castles, of Sassanide monuments;
- Jabalieh dome which is a fire-temple from Sassanide time;
- Kabir Jame' mosque and Sabz (green) dome, which belong to the 9th century AH, and is the tomb of the Gharakhatai governors;
In addition to above monuments, two other monuments in this province must be mentioned here which are located in Mahan and Bam.
Shazdeh Garden meaning Prince’s Garden is a historical Persian garden located near (6km away from) Mahan in Kerman province, Iran.
The garden is 5.5 hectares with a rectangular shape and a wall around it. It consists of an entrance structure and gate at the lower end and a two-floor residential structure at the upper end. The distance between these two is ornamented with water fountains that are engined by the natural incline of the land. The garden is a fine example of Persian gardens that take advantage of suitable natural climate.
The garden was built originally for Mohammad Hasan Khan Qajar Sardari Iravani ca.1850 and was extended ca.1870 by Abdolhamid Mirza Naserodollehand during the eleven years of his governorship in the Qajar dynasty. The construction was left unfinished, due to the death of Abdolhamid Mirza in the early 1890s.
The mausoleum of Shah Nemat-Olah Vali, the famous Iranian Gnostic, in Mahan with a building, dome, and minarets which are highly valuable from artistic and architectural points of view, is the main place of pilgrimage of Sufis from different sects.
City of Bam, being a perfect sample of an eastern city, is highly valued from tourism point of view. This city holds all components of an old eastern city like wall, bazaar, citadel, towers and other fortifications. So the remains of the old city of Bam, having 2,000 years of antiquity, is extremely eye-catching. Recently a modern recreational and accommodation facilities are established over there, which are named "New Citadel of Bam".
Yazd is one of the ancient cities of Iran and is the best sample of cities in desert (Kavir). In this city, everything is the symbol of movement, activity, social life and fight against natural limitations. Moreover, the name of Yazd is reminding of original artistic vestiges of Iran. The hand-made industrial products of Yazd, especially textiles, which had worldwide reputation due to their quality and their artistic nature before introduction of textile machinery, still have their own unique quality as well as their customers. The dominant socio-economic condition of the city is such that there are minimum rate of criminal acts, consequently it is a very unique city from security point of view. So, the religious minorities live there, like other parts of the country, without any problem.
The architectural form of Yazd is monotonous and is the sign of existence of equilibrium in its social life. Utilization of simple construction materials in building houses is a common principle. Struggle against environmental constraints in desert area, is reflected in making use of traditional styles of architecture with building of interesting Badgirs (wind trappers) on the roofs against wind direction for ventilation and air conditioning in summers.
This city has its own architectural style in which narrow alleys are deployed in wide and newly constructed streets with high and connected walls which portray a unique method in urban planning and design. The delicacy of architectural monuments in Yazd is unique in its quality, thus they hold a high artistic value. The most important and valuable historical monuments, which may be visited in Yazd and other cities of the province, are as follows:
- Yazd Jame' mosque belonging to the first half of 8th century AH.;
- The mosques of Amir Chakhmakh, Rig, and Fart;
- Davazdah Emam (12 Imams) mausoleum;
- Zendan Eskandar (Alexander's prison);
- Yazdan fire-temple;
- Dolat Abad garden and its edifices, and Khan garden;
- Khan square and bazaar.
Yazd is the largest center of Iranian Zoroasterians and they have lived in this city for more than a thousand years. The other town of the province is Maybod, Taft, Bafgh, Ardekan, and Mehriz each of them has its own worth seeing places.
Water shortage in Yazd and Kerman has caused the development of Quanats (underground canals with connected wells for collection of water). The length of some of Quanats in these provinces exceeds 1,000 kilometers.