Ahar town lies on the north-west face of Mount Sabalan. Ahar is one of the ancient cities of Azerbaijan, its name before Islam was "meimad". In the 12th-13th centuries, Ahar was a minor and short-lived, but prosperous emirate ruled by the Pishteginid dynasty of Georgian origin (1155—1231). Yaqut al-Hamawi, writing in early thirteenth century, describes Ahar as very flourishing despite its small extent. Thus, Ahar is one of the involved cities in Tabriz 2018 event.
The city lost most of its importance during the rule of Ilkhanate. Hamdallah Mustawfi, writing in mid fourteenth century, describes Ahar as a little town. He estimates the tax revenue of the town to be comparable to that of Mardanaqom, which presently is a medium-sized village.
Ahar was in the focus of Safavid dynasty's agenda for casting of Azerbaijan as a Safavid dominion. Thus, Shah Abbas rebuilt the mausoleum of Sheikh Sheikh Shihab-al-din in Ahar.
Ahar suffered enormously during Russo-Persian War (1804–13) and Russo-Persian War (1826–28). Western travellers in 1837-1843 periods had found Ahar, a city with around 700 households, in wretched condition. Their impression was that the Qajar pricess, who were dispatched as the governors of Qaradagh hastened to collect as much wealth as possible before their removal.
Ahar was one of the epicentres of Persian Constitutional Revolution due to the involvement of Arasbaran tribes in armed conflicts; the revolutionary and ati-revolutionary camps were headed, respectively, by Sattar Khan andRahimkhan Chalabianloo, both from Qarada? region. When in 1925 Reza Shah deposed Ahmad Shah Qajar and founded the Pahlavi dynasty, Ahar's gradual decline started. The new king insisted on ethnic nationalism and cultural unitarism and implemented his policies with forced detribalization and sedentarization. He renamed Qarada? as Arasbaran to deny the Turkic identity of the inhabitants. This policy, in particular, resulted in suppression of ethnic Azeris.
The main tourist site in the city is the mausoleum of Sheikh Shaabe-deen, who was the teacher of Safi-ad-din Ardabili, the founder of the family of Safavid dynasty. The monument has been described by James Morier in early nineteenth century as the following, "The mausoleum is of brick, with a foundation of stone, and faced by an elevated portico, flanked by two minors or pillars encrusted with green tiles. A little wooden door was opened for us in the back of the building, which introduced us into the spot that contained the tomb of the Sheikh, which was enclosed by a stone railing, carved into open work, and surrounded by a sculptured arabesque ornament, of very good taste. The tomb is distinguished by a marble cover, on which is an Arabic inscription in relieve. Tabriz tours can enjoy this site in Tabriz 2018 event and introduce it as a reliable site in Iran tours.
Sheikh Shahab tomb Ahar
The tomb of this great and famous Gnostic of the 7th and 8th century AH is located in downtown of Ahar and has several sections.
Historical and beautiful city of Ahar named and known as Ahar due to place of buried high talent philosopher of that age Sheikh Shihab ad-Din Ahari. His tomb is located in south side of Ahar in a beautiful area that at present is a place for recreation means of the people. Sheikh Shihab ad-Din is one of the mysticism of 7th C.E. who taken action for guidance of those who wants to follow path of divine. Sheikh was Shiite and named his route for followers as Shihabieh due to observing Zahabieh rules. Tomb of Sheikh is situated in middle part of the place and fenced with beautiful stone.