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Falakol-Aflak Castle

Falakol-Aflak castle has become a symbol of the city of Khorramabad and Lorestan province.



Falak ol-Aflak castle is built on a hill near the city of Khorramabad.  In the past, there were twelve towers inside the Khorramabad castle, of which only eight could survive the passage of time.  Today the castle has become a symbol of the city of Khorramabad and Lorestan province.


The castle was rebuilt during Qajar and Fath Ali Shah's reign.  In antiquity and the time of the Sasanian dynasty, the Falak-ol-Aflak fort was of great importance.  In the fourth century AH became the headquarters of the rule of Al-Hasanuyeh (ruler of Lorestan) and Ganjur in the time of Al-Buyeh.  Subsequently, for a time, it became the treasury of the Badr dynasty and the seat of government in Lorestan.  During the Pahlavi era it was used as a military garrison and political prison.

Finally, the castle was registered in the national monuments of Iran in the 1970, and a few years later it became a museum that holds today very valuable monuments.  In recent years, the exterior and interior of the fortress of archeological museums, anthropology, the objects restoration laboratory, the cultural product sales center and the traditional tea house have been set up in this historic cultural complex.

When Alexander the Great invaded Iran, rulers of the time decided to hide valuable gold and silver objects thereby protecting them from Alexander.  After two thousand years of antiquities accidentally stolen by thieves!  Some of these objects have been recovered and are now kept in the Castle Museum.

Inside the fortress of Khorramabad, there is a well-equipped laboratory for the restoration of antiquities and a library with exquisite books.


Khorram Abad Castle is 5300 m2=  and its tallest tower is 22/5 m above the hill.  The materials used in the construction of the castle are stone, brick (red and large), clay and mortar plaster and lime.  The entrance to the castle is also built in the southwest tower with a width of 10 meters and height of 3 meters.

Over the years, the fort has been repaired many times, with major changes during the Safavid and Qajar periods.  Indigenous people and some historical documents say that up to 100 years ago there were two-tiered, adobe, and twelve towers around the current building, with only two towers now remaining to the northwest and southeast.

There are two courtyards in the castle, the first of which is surrounded by four towers.  Two of these towers are located in the north and northwest and two in the southwest and south.  The second courtyard also has a structure similar to the first courtyard.  On the four sides of it are large halls built into one another.  This is where the museum has become today.

The bathroom is to the north of the first courtyard, and a well has been drilled in the vicinity to provide the water needed for bathing.  Until the late Qajar rule, baths were used and the remains of this period are still visible.  The well was beside the bathroom and dug behind a tall arch.  The well has reached the source of Golestan water using rock cuts and has reached up to 40 meters deep.  In ancient times, the water required by the inhabitants of Falak Ol-Aflak fortress was supplied from this well and is still available today.


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Tabriz - Iran



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